Graduate and Professional School

Applying to Graduate School

Depending on your career and life plans, graduate school will make sense for you at different stages – immediately after graduation, after a few years of professional experience, or much later in life. The resources below will help you clarify reasons to consider graduate school, whether and when it would be right for you, and how to find programmes that are a good fit.

Get Started

At any point in your undergraduate or professional path, use these general guidelines to determine whether graduate school is the right choice for you.

You SHOULD go to graduate school if…Your chosen career path requires an advanced degree (e.g. medicine, academia).
You are passionate about an academic field and would like to study it further.
You would like to change careers or progress faster in your current career.
You should NOT go to graduate school if… You are not sure which career path to take and want some time to think.
You want to delay searching for a full-time job and/or going into the “real world.”
You are only doing it to please other people (family, friends, professors, partner).

When graduate school seems to be the right choice, ask yourself these questions and discuss them with your academic and CIPE advisor:

  1. What are your career or life path goals?
  2.  Do you need an advanced degree to achieve them? If so, what kind of degree?
  3. How does having a graduate degree affect employability in your field of interest – would it make you more or less likely to find a good job? Would it overqualify you for certain jobs you are interested in?
  4. Can you afford to cover the costs of a graduate degree, including having to postpone full-time paid employment for 1-5 years?
  5. Is there a special circumstance (e.g. a scholarship bond), that makes it difficult or impractical to attend graduate school right after graduation?
  6. Are you able and willing to commit to 1-5 years of coursework and/or full-time, self-driven research that is  much more rigorous than that at the undergraduate level?
  7. What are the prerequisites for a graduate degree in your chosen field (CAP, major, coursework), and how can you fulfil them by the time you graduate?
  8. Have you pursued hands-on experience in your chosen field to gain a better sense of its day-to-day realities?

Find further considerations in the links below.
Peterson’s: The Graduate School Decision Basic Considerations
Pursuing Graduate School (DePauw University Hubbard Center for Student Engagement)
Idealist: How grad school is different from undergrad
Master’s vs. Ph.D.: Which is Right for You? (
Find a Ph.D.: How to Choose the Right Doctorate (Times Higher Education)
Vivek Haldar’s advice to prospective PhD students
Phil Agre’s Advice for Undergraduates Considering a PhD

Narrow Down

After determining your academic or professional focus, begin to narrow down schools: do online research, speak to your professors at and beyond Yale-NUS, and consider connecting with faculty, administrators, current students and alumni of the graduate programs you are interested in. If you can, visit your schools of interest to get a sense of the culture and meet faculty, students and administrators (a semester abroad is an excellent way to do this). However, a visit is not crucial at the start. The school’s website and conversations with faculty and students should give you a good initial indication if this is the place for you. You can always visit once you have been admitted, and take advantage of the travel funding that schools sometimes offer to admitted applicants.

Helpful websites for narrowing down graduate schools include:

  • Professional and academic association websites;
  • University rankings, e.g. US News and World Report, QS World University Rankings, Times Higher Education. A school’s ranking is important in some cases, e.g. if a student is on a government scholarship bond and wishes to extend it to cover graduate studies. In other cases, rankings are helpful but should not determine your choices since their criteria do not always indicate how strong a university is in your specific field of interest.
  • Graduate school forums, e.g. The Grad Cafe. These are informal community-driven portals; consider their advice critically.

The Princeton Review: 4 Tips for Choosing Graduate School
Quintessential Careers: Criteria for Choosing a Graduate School
USNews: How to Narrow Down Your Business School Application List (also applies to other graduate school programmes)

Seek Support

Throughout your pre-graduate school journey, stay in regular contact with CIPE, your major advisor, your academic advisor and Assistant Dean, and any other people who are supporting you during the application process. If you would like to discuss your graduate school plans with CIPE, please complete this survey first. Then, contact Zhana Sandeva ( to schedule an appointment.

After the Outcome

If you are fortunate to be accepted into two or more of your top choice graduate programmes, choosing “the one” can be difficult. Consult with your advisors, family and friends before deciding. Remember to also update your recommenders on the outcome of all applications that they helped you with (whether it is positive or negative), and to thank them for their support. The advice above also applies if you received only one admission offer. It can be tempting to accept it so that you won’t have to go through another application cycle. However, you should seriously consider if this is the best option for you, if you would be genuinely happy to go there, if it makes sense to go at this point in time, and if the conditions they are offering you are reasonable (or if you should negotiate them further, especially in the case of funding).

If you received no acceptances, you still have many other options. Talk to CIPE and academic advisors about reapplying, full-time employment or another focused and meaningful activity. If you want to reapply to your chosen school(s), contact their admissions department for feedback and discuss your application with faculty and advisors at Yale-NUS to identify areas for improvement. Most importantly, do not let the experience dampen your spirit – a “No” now can easily become a “Yes” in the next admission round. The extra time is also a good opportunity to reassess your goals and gain relevant experience. How to Choose Between Multiple Acceptances
The Muse: The Simple Tool that Will Help You Pick the Right Grad School
USNews: How to Make the Final Grad School Enrolment Decision

USNews: How to Handle Graduate School Denials
When “Plan A” Doesn’t Work Out: Graduate School Detour
I Didn’t Get Into Grad School. Now What?
Idealist: What if You’re Denied Admission?

Useful Information
Have Questions?
Zhana Sandeva
Senior Programme Manager, Leadership & Global Citizenship

Contact with questions about applying to graduate school, the Summer Research Programme, the Writing Fellowship Programme and the Student Associate Programme.